The £200,000 Democratic Participation Fund for Disabled People will cover additional costs for would-be candidates in the 2017 local elections.
This can be used to pay for accessible transport or communication support.
Disabled people are significantly under-represented as local councillors and campaigners hope the Scottish Government cash will help to change this.
The project will be run by the campaign group Inclusion Scotland on a pilot basis until May 2017.
Its chief executive officer, Sally Witcher, said: “This new fund has the potential to make a real difference, not just to individual disabled people, but ultimately to the strengthening of Scottish democracy.
“Participation in public and political life is everyone’s human right and there is much work to do to ensure this right can be fully exercised by disabled people.
“We are delighted to have been charged with the role of administering such an important scheme.”